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Survey of Broadcasting: Assignment 1, Question 3: What were the events that led up to the “quiz show scandals”? What were the major effects after the scandal broke?–Videos

Posted on June 20, 2011. Filed under: Advertising, Broadcasting, Business, Communications, Ethical Practices, Ethics, Game Shows, Issues, Law, Movies, News, Politics, Television | Tags: , , , , , , , |

III. What were the events that led up to the “quiz show scandals”? What were the major effects after the scandal broke?

Where Knowledge Is King and The Reward King Size

The concept of winning a large sum of money on a quiz show by correctly answering a series of questions was not new to either television or radio. However, what was new and attracted a large percentage of the viewing audience was the television show, “The $64,000 Question”, that first aired on CBS on June 7, 1955. The contestants would be asked a series of progressively more difficult questions. If they answered correctly, they proceeded to the four big payoff questions: $8,000, $16,000, $32,000, and lastly the $64,000 question.

CBS-$64,000 Question-1956

$64,000 Question

The contestants answered their questions in isolation booths. Armed guards watched over the box that contained the questions that only the editors knew what the questions and correct answers were.

The $64,000 Question show was sponsored by Revlon. Revlon as a direct result of the show saw its sales skyrocket. The other networks quickly followed with their own big money shows. NBC aired “The Big Surprise” where contestants could win $100,000. CBS quickly responded with “The $64,000 Challenge” with a top money prize of $128,000. The show “Break the Bank offered a top prize of $250,000.  Finally, NBC had the show :”Twenty-One” where there was no limit as to the amount of money a contestant could win.

64 THOUSAND DOLLAR CHALLENGE SONNY FOX part 2 VINCENT PRICE

 

Twenty One: Stemple vs. Van Doren–Part One

Rumors began to circulate that the producers tried to keep popular contestants on the shows by “controlling” the questions asked and even coaching contestants to look nervous and tense while answering.

One contestant on “Twenty-One” charged that he was encouraged to take a dive or intentionally lose to another popular contestant, Charles Van Doren, a 30-year old English instructor at Columbia University. Van Doren stated that the quiz show was honest. The New York City district attorney’s office investigated the allegations and a grand jury was impaneled to hear the mounting evidence.

A losing contestant on NBC’s “Twenty-One” sent three self-addressed letter containing the questions and answers to an upcoming show by registered mail. These unopened envelopes were presented to the grand jury as evidence. Other contestants came forward indicating they too had been given the answers. In 1959 the House of Representatives conducted a hearing on the matter. One of the witnesses was Charles Van Doren who finally admitted that he too was given the answers and was coached.

By 1960 all the big money shows were taken off the air. The networks took  more control over program development and less power and control was given to the producers and sponsors of network shows. In the next few years, the networks attempted to restore their reputation and gain back the viewing public’s trust by broadcasting such shows as CBS Reports. Several networks also placed limits on the amounts of money contestants could win on quiz shows that were not rigged. These limits were repealed in 2008.

The Congress of the United States also passed amendments to the Communication Act of 1934 that were designed to prevent any one from fixing quiz shows in the future.

The Federal Communications Commission also ordered that the host of “Twenty-One”, Jack Barry, and the producer, Dan Enright, sell their  radio station in Hollywood, Florida, WGMA.

 

 

Background Articles and Videos

 

Twenty One: Stemple vs. Van Doren–Part Two

 

Twenty One: Stemple vs. Van Doren–Part Three

 

 

21-Quiz Show Scandals

 

Quiz Show Scandals

 Quiz Show Trailer

Quiz show scandals

“…The American quiz show scandals of the 1950s were a series of revelations that contestants of several popular television quiz shows were secretly given assistance by the show’s producers to arrange the outcome of a supposedly fair competition.

In 1956, the game show Twenty-One, hosted by Jack Barry, featured a contestant coached by producer Dan Enright to make the other contestant win the game. This was brought into focus in 1958 when Enright and Barry were revealed to have rigged the show and caused networks to cancel the quiz shows. This element of the scandal was portrayed in the 1994 movie Quiz Show.

As a result, many contestants’ reputations have been tarnished. The United States Congress passed the 1960 amendments of the Communications Act of 1934, preventing anyone from fixing quiz shows. Due to that action, many networks imposed a winnings limit on game shows, such as Wheel of Fortune, Jeopardy! and The Price Is Right (the limits were repealed by 2008). The scandal even resulted in the declining ratings of shows that were not rigged, such as You Bet Your Life.

Twenty One

“…Twenty One is an American game show that aired in the late 1950s. While it included the most popular contestant of the quiz show era, it achieved notoriety for being a rigged quiz show which nearly caused the demise of the entire genre in the wake of United States Senate investigations. The 1994 movie Quiz Show is based on these events.

In 1982, a pilot for a new version of the game (titled 21) was taped with Jim Lange hosting, but was not picked up. A new version aired in 2000 with Maury Povich hosting, lasting about five months on NBC. …”

“…Overview

The initial broadcast of Twenty One was played honestly, with no manipulation of the game by the producers. Unfortunately, that broadcast was, in the words of producer Dan Enright, “a dismal failure”; the first two contestants succeeded only in making a mockery of the format by how little they really knew. Show sponsor Geritol, upon seeing this opening-night performance, reportedly became furious with the results, and threatened to pull their sponsorship of the show if it happened again.

The end result: Twenty One was not merely “fixed”, it was almost totally choreographed. Contestants were cast almost as if they were actors, and in fact were active and (usually) willing partners in the deception. They were given instruction as to how to dress, what to say to the host, when to say it, what questions to answer, what questions to miss, even when to mop their brows in their isolation booths (which had air conditioning that could be cut off at will, to make them sweat more).

 Charles Van Doren

Charles Van Doren, a college professor, was introduced as a contestant on Twenty One on November 28, 1956, as a challenger to then-champion Herbert Stempel, a dominant contestant, though somewhat unpopular with viewers and eventually the sponsor. Van Doren and Stempel ultimately played to a series of four 21-21 games, with audience interest building with each passing week and each new game, until finally the clean-cut, “All American Boy” newcomer was able to outlast his bookish, quasi-intellectual opponent, who at one point after the game was referred to backstage as a “freak with a sponge memory”. The turning point came on a question directed to Stempel: “What film won the Academy Award for Best Picture in 1955?” Stempel legitimately knew the answer to that question was Marty, as it was one of his favorite films. The producers ordered him to answer the question with 1954’s Best Picture winner, On the Waterfront. Stempel later recalled that there was a moment in the booth when his conscience and sense of fair play warred with his sense of obligation and that he almost disrupted the scripted outcome by giving the correct answer. Stempel ultimately did as he was instructed, which opened the door for Van Doren to win the game and begin one of the longest and most storied runs of any champion in the history of television game shows.

Van Doren’s popularity soared as a result of his success on Twenty One, earning him a place on the cover of Time magazine and even a regular feature spot on NBC’s Today show; at one point, the program even surpassed CBS’ I Love Lucy in the ratings. He was finally unseated as champion on March 11, 1957, by a woman, Vivienne Nearing, after winning a total of $143,000.

In the meantime Stempel, disgruntled over being ordered to “take a dive,” attempted to blow the whistle on what exactly was going on behind the scenes at Twenty One, even going so far as to have a federal investigator look into the show. Initially, little came of these investigations and Stempel’s accusations were dismissed as jealousy because there was no hard evidence to back up his claims. But by August of 1958 Dotto, a popular CBS daytime game show, was abruptly canceled after a contestant found a notebook containing the answers to every question that was to be asked to Dotto’s current champion, future journalist Marie Winn. Suddenly, Stempel’s allegations began to make more sense. Even so, the public at large didn’t seem to want to accept the dishonesty until Van Doren, under oath before a House hearing, ultimately confessed to being given answers to all of his questions before each show.

Twenty One was canceled without warning after its broadcast of October 17, 1958. A nighttime version of Concentration took over its time slot the following week. The scandal forced producers Barry and Enright into virtual exile. Barry would not host another national TV show for more than a decade, and Enright moved to Canada to continue his production career.

Aftermath

The scandal also caused the Federal Communications Commission to mandate the sale of Barry-Enright’s radio station in Hollywood, Florida, WGMA. The station was purchased by its general manager, C. Edward Little, who promptly affiliated the station with the Mutual Broadcasting System. After serving for a time as the head of Mutual’s affiliates association, Little became the president of Mutual from 1972-1979. During this time Little created the Mutual Black Network, the first U.S. broadcast network catering exclusively to African-Americans, in addition to the Mutual Spanish Network and the Mutual Southwest Network. Under Little’s administration, Mutual became the first commercial broadcasting entity to use satellite technology for program delivery.

During his tenure as head of Mutual, Little hired Larry King to host an all-night phone-in talk show Little had created. King was a one-time announcer for Little at WGMA. King, who had previously hosted a similar morning show on Miami radio station WIOD, went on to national fame on both radio and television, winning a coveted Peabody Award along the way. King, therefore, indirectly owes a portion of his success to the quiz-show scandals.

Barry finally returned to game-show hosting in 1969, succeeding Dennis Wholey on ABC’s The Generation Gap for which he publicly thanked the producers and ABC-TV for giving him a chance for a comeback. In 1971, he sold ABC his first new game show The Reel Game which he also hosted. It ran for 13 weeks. He became a success again as a producer-host with The Joker’s Wild, which ran on CBS from 1972–1975 and in syndication from 1977-1986 (Barry died in June 1984 and was replaced by Bill Cullen for the final two years). Enright would work as Joker’s executive producer in the final year on CBS, and the two revived their partnership full-time in 1976, reviving Tic-Tac-Dough which also ran until 1986. It was revived once more in 1990, but was cancelled after a few months. Enright died in 1992. …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quiz_show_scandals

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News Journal: Number 30, November 2, 2010: Dump Democrats–Vote–Remember Tuesday Is Soylent Green Day–Trust But Verify–Videos

Posted on November 2, 2010. Filed under: Audio, Communications, Digital Communication, Issues, Law, Mass Media, Movies, News, Newspapers, Politics, Print Media, Radio, Television, Web | Tags: , , , , , , , |

SOYLENT GREEN music – Fred Myrow (HQ + ending)

Trust but verify

I still stand by my wild ass guess (WAG) that the Republicans will win 77 seats in the House of Representatives for a total of 255 seats and 10 seats in the Senate for a total of 51 seats giving the Republican Party majority control of both the House and Senate.

There will also be 35 state Republican  governors.

The Democratic Party led by President Obama have lost the independents, older voters, white voters, the unemployed and increasingly the young.

Since the core progressive/liberal base of the Democratic Party is between 20% and 25% even in the best of turnout election years, they simply cannot win in districts that have a high percentage of Republican and Independent voters.

The conservative and libertarian movement is more than energized–they want to throw the bums out of office.

The major issues were jobs, spending, taxes, deficits, debt, bailouts, illegal immigration and Obama care.

On all these issues the Democratic Party is simply on the minority side of the issue and their economic policies of a stimulus package, green jobs, and Obama care have been an abject failure in creating jobs and reducing spending and deficits.

The tea party patriots have become a political force to be reckoned with by the political establishments of the Democratic and Republican parties.

The real test for the Republican Party will be in the next two to four years.

At a bare minimum the Republican Party must cut back spending and balance the budget with no tax or debt increases.

If the Republican Party does not deliver on this, more and more tea party patriots will look to forming a new political party instead of taking over the Republican Party.

I am simply not optimistic that the current Republican Party establishment is up to the job.

The Republican establishment lacks both vision and courage to do what needs to be done.

What the Republican Party should be doing is closing down entire Federal Departments and passing the FairTax.

Very few Republicans and Republican talk radio and television show hosts mention either.

Instead it is business as usually with the same talking points that we need to cut spending by x% and tax rates by y%.

This approach has failed time and time again for the simple reason that it is quickly reversed by the progressives in both the Democratic and Republican parties when they win majorities in the House and Senate.

Only by passing the FairTax and eliminating ten Federal Departments will the cancer of out-of-control government intervention be permanently stopped.

The time for a new political party that replaces either the Republican or Democratic Party is fast approaching.

Tea parties or rallies are great but results count and that requires MOMMA–Money, Organization, Message, Momentum and Ambition.

MOMMA is what is required to win elections.

A new political party that favors limited constitutional government is required–American Citizens Alliance Party–ACAP on spending, deficits, debt, regulations, and taxes.

The American people are also waiting for its twenty-first century George Washington and Thomas Paine to emerge from the tea party patriots.

The election of 2016 is the one to watch out for.

By then I fully expect that both the Democratic and Republican parties will be so widely perceived as failures in delivering results that the American people will finally support candidates that want limited constitutional government and belong to another political party.

NRA Tribute to Charlton Heston

 

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Sound Design–Videos

Posted on October 8, 2010. Filed under: Audio, Communications, Digital Communication, Movies, Music, Radio, Recordings, Sound Effects, Speech | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

WALL-E Special Features Animation Sound Design: Building Worlds From The Sound Up (Part 1)

WALL-E Special Features Animation Sound Design: Building Worlds From The Sound Up (Part 2)

Sound Design for King Kong (Post/production) 1 of 7

Sound Design for King Kong (Post/production) 2 of 7

Sound Design for King Kong (Post/production) 3 of 7

Sound Design for King Kong (Post/production) 4 of 7

Sound Design for King Kong (Post/production) 5 of 7

Sound Design for King Kong (Post/production) 6 of 7

Sound Design for King Kong (Post/production) 7 of 7

A Tour of LA’s Village Recording Studio

Deep Recording Studios – The Tour

Deep Studios Industry Training – Sound Engineering

Main Points To Remember

1. Sound design is the process of creating the overall sonic character of a production and is ongoing throughout the production process.

2. The sound designer is responsible for creative control of the audio–to put a coherent sonic stamp on a production–although all members of the audio team make creative contributions to the sound.

3. There are three domains to work with in creating a sound design: speech, sound effects, and music. Paradoxically, silence and the ability of sound to evoke a picture in the mind’s eye may be considered two other domains.

4. All sound is made up of the same basic components: pitch, loudness, timbre, tempo, rhythm, attack, duration, and decay.

5. Sound also has a visual component in that it can create pictures in the “theater of the mind.”

6. Sound has several functions in relation to picture; Sound can parallel picture, sound can define picture, picture can define sound and picture can define effect, and sound can counterpoint picture.

7. There  is no set procedure for designing sound. At the outset the most important thing to do is study the script and analyze the auditory requirements line by line to determine the overall sonic approach to various scenes or for an entire work, or both.

8. Determining a sound design involves consideration of how the audience is to think or feel about a particular story, scene, character, or action; from what point of view; and whether that is to be carried out mainly in the sound effects or music or both.

9. Determining a sound design also requires the awareness that doing so is often tantamount to defining a production’s conceptual and emotional intent.

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Recording–Videos

Posted on October 7, 2010. Filed under: Audio, Communications, Digital Communication, Issues, Mass Media, Movies, Politics, Radio, Recordings, Web | Tags: , , , |

Digital Recording 1

Digital Recording 1-2

Digital Recording 2 (Things To Know)

Digital Recording 2-2 (Things To Know)

Digital Recording 2-3

Digital Recording 3 (Mastering Room)

Digital Recording 4_1 (Connection)

Digital Recording 4_2 (Connection)

Digital Recording 4_3 Connection

 

1. In audiotape recording, electrical signals are transduced into magnetic signals during the recording phase. during playback the magnetic signals are transduced back into electrical signals.

2. In analog recording, signals are oriented on the tape in patterns analogous to the waveform of the original signal. The signal is continuous–it is always “on”.

3. Most recording tape is composed of a thin, plastic ribbon of polyester; microscopic needle like magnetic particles; a binder of synthetic varnish so the particles adhere to the polyester; and a back coating to reduce slippage.

4. Open-reel analog audiotape comes in two thicknesses: about 1 mil for digital tape and 1 1/2 mil for analog tape. The 1 1/2  mil tape is preferred for analog recording because it reduces the chance of print-through. Digital audio-tape does not have to be as thick as analog because the digital system has to deal only with  1s(the presence of a pulse) and 0s(the absence of a pulse). Therefore, thickness in not a factor in the tape’s signal-to-noise ratio and its ability to reproduce dynamic range.

5. Open-reel audiotape comes in four widths1/4, 1/5, 1, and 2 inch. The width of analog cassette tape is 3/20 inch. Typically, the 1/2-inch width is used with digital multi-track 5-DAT machines and the 2-inch tape is used with analog multitrack recorders.

6. Tape should be handled carefully. The tape surface can be sullied by fingerprints, smoke, and dust, and the tape reels can be damaged by being stacked one upon the other. Tape should be stored tails out in a controlled environment o 68 degrees F, plus or minus 5 degrees, and 40 percent humidity, plus or minus 5 percent.

7. The three essential sections of a tape recorder are the tape transport system, the magnetic heads, and the record and playback electronics.

8. A number of controls operate the transport: the power switch, variable-speed control, play, record, stop, fast-forward, rewind, and the tape edit control.

9. An important function of the transport system is to maintain the tape movement at a precise, constant speed. A change in the transport speed could result in audible changes in a recording’s frequency. Slow changes are called wow; faster changes are called flutter.

10. Most professional analog tape recorders run at one or more speeds: 7 1/2, 15, and 30 inches per second (ips); 15 and 30 ips are standard with analog multitrack recorders. Generally, the faster the speed, the better the sound quality.

11. Professional analog tape recorders have at least three heads: erase, record, and playback. Most modern recorders also have a head for time code.

12. because the magnetic particles on tape respond to magnetization nonlineraly (they cannot make sense of the information carried by the input signal), the record head has a high-frequency bias current that linearized the magnetic information so it can be encoded on the tape.

13. A 2-inch headstack houses 16 or 24 separate heads and can record or play back 16 or 24  tape tracks. There are a few analog multitrack recorders with 32 channels and, hence, 32 separate heads on the 2-inch headstack.

14. The position of the heads is critical, and any change in their physical alignment–zenith, height, tangent, wrap, or azimuth–adversely affects sound quality.

15. Heads must also be electronically aligned regularly. They should be demagnetized and cleaned before each session and during long sessions.

16. Multitrack audiotape recorder have a variety of features, including Sel Sync, which temporarily changes selected tracks on the record head into the playback mode. This permits various elements in a recording to be taped synchronously at different times.

17. Analog videotape recorders encode analog video as well as audio that may be analog, frequency modulated, or digital.

18. There are three types of film: silent, sound, and magnetic.

19. Silent film carries no sound intormation. Sound film carries both picture and optical sound. Magnetic film contains all sound and no picture. Magnetic film comes in either full coat or stripe coat.

20. Sound quality in 16 mm magnetic film is mediocre. In 35 mm it is a little better, but with such enhancements as Dolby processing digital audio, and surround sound, 25 mm audio quality is excellent.

21. Digital audio uses a numerical representation of the sound signal’s actual frequency and amplitude. In analog, frequency is the time component, and amplitude is the level component. In digital, sampling is the time component, and quatization is the level component.

22. Sampling takes periodic samples (voltages) of the original analog signal at ficed intervals and converts them into digirtal data. The rate at which the fixed intervals sample the original signal each second is called the sampling frequency.

23. As samples of the waveform are taken, these voltages are converted into discrete and assigned value. This process is known as Quantization.

24. The basic steps in the digital recording process are: antialiasing, sample and hold, analog-to-digital conversion, signal coding, and data storage.

25. The basic steps in digital reproduction are: demodulation, error correcting, digital-to-analog conversion, sample and hold, and low-pass filtering.

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News Journal: Number 22, September 30, 2010: Tony Curtis Dies At 85 At Home In Henderson, Nevada–Vidoes

Posted on September 30, 2010. Filed under: Art, Audio, Books, Books, Communications, Digital Communication, Mass Media, Movies, Print Media, Television, Web | Tags: , , , , , |

” My father leaves behind a legacy of great performances in movies and in his paintings and assemblages. He leaves behind children and their families who loved him and respected him and a wife and in-laws who were devoted to him. He also leaves behind fans all over the world. He will be greatly missed.”

~ Jamie Lee Curtis

“While you’re doing it, you don’t really know what you’re doing.”

~Tony Curtis

Coroner Actor Tony Curtis dies at Las Vegas home

Movie Legends – Tony Curtis

City Across The River (1949) Tony Curtis clip

Hollywood legend Tony Curtis dies

Operation Petticoat – Tony Curtis

Tony Curtis on Cary Grant

What’s my Line? Tony Curtis

Sex and the Single Girl Pt. 1

Sex and the Single Girl Pt 2

The Defiant Ones – Quarry

Tony Curtis: The Outsider (1961) Trailer

Tony Curtis Jerry Lewis – Boeing Boeing (1965)

Jack Lemmon and Tony Curtis

Selected clips from ‘The Boston Strangler’ (1968)

You Can’t Win ‘Em All (Part 2) Tony Curtis & Charles Bronson [1970]

Laurence Maslon on Some Like It Hot, Tony Curtis, Jack Lemmon and Marilyn Monroe

Houdini Straitjacket Escape

The Great Race Pie Fight

Tony Curtis On Laugh-In. Part 1.

Tony Curtis On Laugh-In. Part 2.

Tony Curtis & Janet Leigh

Tony Curtis on TV-am in 1985

“We often don’t think of them, we think of the great wars and the great battles, but what about losing a son or a daughter, or a girl losing her husband or vice versa? I think of the people who never got the chance to have the opportunities I had.”

~Tony Curtis

The movies I remember most staring Tony Curtis are Some Like It Hot and Operation Petticoat.

A boy from the Bronx joined the Navy and within a few years was staring in movies.

His pursuit of painting is a lesson we all can learn from.

May he rest in peace.

Background Articles and Videos

Tony Curtis Interview

The Late Late Show Interview 11/27/2008 [HQ]

Tony Curtis Salutes Sidney Poitier at AFI Life Achievement Award

Tony Curtis interview

Tony Curtis and Sir Roger Moore are The Persuaders

Tony Curtis at the Los Angeles Theatre

TONY CURTIS TRIBUTE- S.F. -TONY TELLS ALL ABOUT MARILYN, JAMIE LEE & MORE @ CASTRO THEATRE

Tony Curtis

“…Tony Curtis (June 3, 1925 – September 29, 2010) was an American film actor. He played a variety of roles, from light comedy, such as the musician on the run from gangsters in Some Like It Hot, to serious dramatic roles, such as an escaped convict in The Defiant Ones, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. From 1949, he appeared in more than 100 films and made frequent television appearances. …”

“…Curtis’s uncredited screen debut came in Criss Cross (1949) playing a rumba dancer. In his second film, City Across the River (also in 1949), he was credited as “Anthony Cross”.[7] Later, as “Tony Curtis”, he cemented his reputation with breakthrough performances such as in the role of the scheming press agent Sidney Falco in Sweet Smell of Success (1957) with Burt Lancaster (who also starred in Criss Cross) and an Oscar-nominated performance as a bigoted escaped convict chained to Sidney Poitier in The Defiant Ones.

He did both screen comedy and drama together and became the most sought after star in Hollywood: Curtis’ comedies include Some Like It Hot (1959), Sex and the Single Girl (1964) and The Great Race (1965), and his dramas included playing the slave Antoninus in Stanley Kubrick’s Spartacus (1960) co-starring Kirk Douglas and Sir Laurence Olivier,[8] The Outsider (1961), the true story of WW II veteran Ira Hayes, and The Boston Strangler (1968), in which he played the self-confessed murderer of the film’s title, Albert DeSalvo. The latter film was praised for Curtis’ performance.

Curtis also appeared frequently on television; he co-starred with Roger Moore in the TV series The Persuaders!. Later, he co-starred in McCoy and Vega$. In the early 1960s, he was immortalized as “Stony Curtis,” a voice-over guest star on The Flintstones.

In 1978 Curtis introduced the Electric Light Orchestra at Wembley Arena for their opening night concert (a Gala charity event) on Out of the Blue: Live at Wembley.

Throughout his life, Curtis enjoyed painting, and since the early 1980s, painted as a second career. His work commands more than $25,000 a canvas now. In the last years of his life, he concentrated on painting rather than movies. A surrealist, Curtis claimed “Van Gogh, [Paul] Matisse, Picasso, Magritte” as influences.[3] “I still make movies but I’m not that interested in them any more. But I paint all the time.” In 2007, his painting The Red Table was on display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. His paintings can also be seen at the Tony Vanderploeg Gallery in Carmel, California.

Curtis spoke of his disappointment at never being awarded an Oscar. But in March 2006, Curtis did receive the Sony Ericsson Empire Lifetime Achievement Award. He also has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and received the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Order of Arts and Letters) from France in 1995. …”

“…Curtis died at his Las Vegas (Henderson, Nevada) home on September 29, 2010, of cardiac arrest.[18][19][20][21] In a release to the Associated Press, his daughter, actress Jamie Lee Curtis, stated:

My father leaves behind a legacy of great performances in movies and in his paintings and assemblages. He leaves behind children and their families who loved him and respected him and a wife and in-laws who were devoted to him. He also leaves behind fans all over the world. He will be greatly missed.” [22]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Curtis

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News Journal: Number 20, September 24, 2010: Eddie Fisher Dies At 82–Videos

Posted on September 24, 2010. Filed under: Audio, Books, Books, Magazines, Mass Media, Movies, Music, Newspapers, Print Media, Radio, Recordings, Society, Television, Web | Tags: , , , |

By the time I was thirty-three years old I`d been married to America`s sweetheart and America`s femme fatale and both marriages had ended in scandal; I`d been one of the most popular singers in America and had given up my career for love; I had fathered two children and adopted two children and rarely saw any of them; I was addicted to methamphetamines and I couldn`t sleep at night without a huge dose of Librium. And from all this I had learned one very important lesson: There were no rules for me. I could get away with anything so long as that sound came out of my throat.

Pop Singer Eddie Fisher Dies at Age 82

50s pop singer Eddie Fisher dies at age 82

“…Pop singer Eddie Fisher, whose clear voice brought him a devoted following of teenage girls in the early 1950s before marriage scandals overshadowed his fame, has died at age 82.
He passed away Wednesday night at his home in Berkeley of complications from hip surgery, his daughter, Tricia Leigh Fisher of Los Angeles, told The Associated Press.

“Late last evening the world lost a true America icon,” Fisher’s family said in a statement released by publicist British Reece. “One of the greatest voices of the century passed away. He was an extraordinary talent and a true mensch.”

The death was first reported by Hollywood website deadline.com.

In the early 50s, Fisher sold millions of records with 32 hit songs including “Thinking of You,” “Any Time,” “Oh, My Pa-pa,” “I’m Yours,” “Wish You Were Here,” “Lady of Spain” and “Count Your Blessings.”

His fame was enhanced by his 1955 marriage to movie darling Debbie Reynolds — they were touted as “America’s favorite couple” — and the birth of two children.

Their daughter Carrie Fisher became a film star herself in the first three “Star Wars” films as Princess Leia, and later as a best-selling author of “Postcards From the Edge” and other books.

Carrie Fisher spent most of 2008 on the road with her autobiographical show “Wishful Drinking.” In an interview with The Associated Press, she told of singing with her father on stage in San Jose. Eddie Fisher was by then in a wheelchair and living in San Francisco.

When Eddie Fisher’s best friend, producer Mike Todd, was killed in a 1958 plane crash, Fisher comforted the widow, Elizabeth Taylor. Amid sensationalist headlines, Fisher divorced Reynolds and married Taylor in 1959.

The Fisher-Taylor marriage lasted only five years. She fell in love with co-star Richard Burton during the Rome filming of “Cleopatra,” divorced Fisher and married Burton in one of the great entertainment world scandals of the 20th century.

Fisher’s career never recovered from the notoriety. He married actress Connie Stevens, and they had two daughters. Another divorce followed. He married twice more.

Edwin Jack Fisher was born Aug. 10, 1928, in Philadelphia, one of seven children of a Jewish grocer. At 15 he was singing on Philadelphia radio. …”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pkHtqhe7byA

Eddie Fisher – I’ll Hold You In My Heart – 1951

EDDIE FISHER – “Wish You Were Here” (1952) – 45 RPM

“I’m Walking Behind You” Eddie Fisher

Eddie Fisher – Everything i have is yours

Eddie Fisher – Lady Of Spain

EDDIE FISHER – UNCHAINED MELODY

1950s Pop Music: Eddie Fisher singing “Tell Me Why” on his TV show (Aired live, 1953)

Eddie Fisher – Count Your Blessings – 1954

Eddie Fisher – Cindy Oh Cindy ( 1956 )

Eddie Fisher Turn Back The Hands Of Time

I Need You Now – Eddie Fisher

Eddie Fisher –Remember

Eddie Fisher – Oh My Papa [1954]

Eddie Fisher – Any Time

Eddie Fisher – On The Street Where You Live – 1956

 

 

 

 

 

 

I remember Eddie Fisher as the singer who married Debbie Reynolds,  then married Elizabeth Taylor, who three years latter left him for Richard Burton.

Only very vaguely do I remember him as a singer.

Today, I learned of his death at age 82 in Berkeley, California.

I was curious as to how good a singer he was.

After listening to the above I concluded he was a great singer.

May he rest in peace.

Background Articles and Videls

“…Edwin Jack “Eddie” Fisher (August 10, 1928 – September 22, 2010) was an American singer and entertainer, who was one of the world’s most famous and successful singers in the 1950s, selling millions of records and having his own TV show. He was married to Debbie Reynolds, Elizabeth Taylor, and Connie Stevens. His divorce from his first wife, Debbie Reynolds, to marry his best friend’s widow, Elizabeth Taylor, garnered scandalously unwelcome publicity at the time. …”

Eddie Fisher, famed 50’s pop singer, father of Carrie Fisher, dies at 82

“…Eddie Fisher, who had a pretty good talent for making hit records and an amazing talent for marrying beautiful women, died Wednesday at the age of 82.

While he began his career as a singer, he eventually became better known as the star in two of Hollywood’s great love triangles – newspaper and magazine coverage of which helped set the stage for today’s media celebrity saturation..

According to an announcement from his family yesterday, Fisher died at his Berkeley, Calif., home from complications of hip surgery.

Fisher originally made his musical mark as one of the last post-World War II “matinee idols,” handsome young singers like Frank Sinatra or Dean Martin whose manner suggested a bit of attitude.

Like many of his peers, his hit-record career didn’t survive music’s transition to rock ‘n’ roll in the mid-‘50s, though he continued as a popular stage act and television host for another three decades.

…”
Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/2010/09/23/2010-09-23_eddie_fisher_famed_50s_pop_singer_father_of_carrie_fisher_dies_at_85.html#ixzz10TXJVRyz

Eddie Fisher Biography

“…Eddie Fisher (born August 10, 1928) is an American singer and entertainer. He was born Edwin John Fisher in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the fourth of seven children born to Joseph Fisher and Kate Winokur, who were Russian-Jewish immigrants. His father’s surname was originally Fisch, but was anglicised to Fisher upon entry to the United States.

To his family, Fisher was always called “Sonny Boy” or “Sonny,” which may have been an allusion to a song made famous by Al Jolson. It was known at an early age that he had talent as a vocalist and he started singing in numerous amateur contests, which he usually won. He sang on the radio in high school and was later on Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts, a popular contest that was broadcast over the radio before moving to television. By 1946, Fisher was crooning with the bands of Buddy Morrow and Charlie Ventura. He was heard in 1949 by Eddie Cantor at Grossinger’s Resort in the Borscht Belt. After performing on Cantor’s radio show he was an instant hit and gained nationwide exposure. He was then signed to a contract with RCA Victor.

Fisher was drafted into the U.S. Army in 1951 and sent to Texas for basic training. He served a year in Korea. The photos of him in uniform during his time in the Service did not hurt his civilian career; after his discharge he became even more popular singing in top nightclubs. He also had a variety television series, Coke Time with Eddie Fisher (NBC) (1953)-(1957), appeared on Perry Como’s show, The Chesterfield Supper Club, the George Gobel Show, and had another series, The Eddie Fisher Show (NBC) (1957)-(1959).

A pre-Rock and Roll vocalist, Fisher’s strong and melodious tenor made him a teen idol and one of the most popular singers of the 1950s. He had seventeen songs in the Top 10 on the music charts between 1950 and 1956 and thirty-five in the Top 40. …”

http://www.basicfamouspeople.com/index.php?aid=3275

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News Journal: Number 12, September 17, 2010: The Buckley, Limbaugh, and Pronk Rules–Videos

Posted on September 17, 2010. Filed under: Issues, Law, Mass Media, Movies, News, Politics, Radio, Web | Tags: , , , , , , |

  

Rush On The Buckley Rule: O’Donnell Is Worth The Risk

 

WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY AND KENNETH MINOGUE part 1

 

WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY AND KENNETH MINOGUE part 2

 

WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY AND KENNETH MINOGUE part 3

 

WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY AND KENNETH MINOGUE part 4

 

WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY AND KENNETH MINOGUE part 5

 

WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY AND KENNETH MINOGUE part 6

 

Buckley’s Rule: “The wisest choice would be the one who would win. No sense running Mona Lisa in a beauty contest. I’d be for the most right, viable candidate who could win. If you could convince me that Barry Goldwater could win, I’d vote for him.”

Limbaugh’s Rule: “In an election year when voters are fed up with liberalism, you vote for the most conservative Republican in the primary — period.” 

Pronk’s Rule: “Vote for the candidate that shares your political philosophy–classical liberal or libertarian.” 

Suppose you are a German and wanted to vote in the 1933 elections. 

Who would you vote for if you were a classical liberal? 

The four major parties were: 

1. National Socialist German Workers Party. 

2. Social Democratic Party 

3. Communist Party 

4 Centre Party 

The first three were clearly not classical liberal but socialist parties. 

The fourth was classical liberal to a large extent but had a decidedly Catholic point of view on the issues. 

If you followed the rules, what would be the outcome in Germany of 1933: 

Buckley’s Rule: National Socialist Workers Party candidate? I think not. 

Limbaugh’s Rule: Would not vote! 

Pronk’s Rule: Centre Party or a new classical liberal party. 

Who won?

Party Vote percentage (change) Seats (change)
National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) 43.9% +10.8% 288 +92
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 18.3% -2.1% 120 -1
Communist Party (KPD) 12.3% -4.6% 81 -19
Centre Party (Z) 11.2% -0.7% 74 +4
German National People’s Party (DNVP)[1] 8.0% -0.3% 52 +/-0
Bavarian People’s Party (BVP) 2.7% -0.4% 18 -2
German People’s Party (DVP) 1.1% -0.8% 2 -9
Christian Social People’s Service (CSVD) 1.0% -0.1% 4 -1
German Democratic Party (DDP) 0.9% -0.1% 5 +3
German Farmers’ Party 0.3% -0.1% 2 -1
Agricultural League 0.2% -0.1% 1 -1
Other 0.0% -0.9% 0 +/-0
Totals 100.0%   647 +63

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_federal_election,_March_1933 

Following either the Buckley Rule or Limbaugh Rule will still get you Hitler and the Nazis. 

Following the Pronk Rule may get you Hitler and the Nazis or a new political party that grows over time and eventually wins. 

Suspend the Buckley and Limbaugh rules and join or start a third-party with a classical liberal or libertarian political philosophy. 

In the case of Christine O’Donnell for the 2010 Senate seat in Delaware,l she is definitely a conservative and not a moderate Republican like Mike Castle. 

Buckley, Limbaugh and Pronk would all vote for Christine O’Donnell over Mike Castle. 

The Republican establishment better get a clue or face a further erosion of their base as more and more conservatives and libertarians become independents. 

Background Article and Videos

Buckley Rule (vote for most conservative primary candidate likely to win general election)

“…Conservative author and commentator William F. Buckley (1925-2008) was asked, in 1967, whom he would support in 1968 for U.S. president. Buckley responded with what would late be called the ‘Buckley Rule” for primary voting: “The wisest choice would be the one who would win. No sense running Mona Lisa in a beauty contest. I’d be for the most right, viable candidate who could win. If you could convince me that Barry Goldwater could win, I’d vote for him.” 

The term “Buckley Rule” wouldn’t be popularly used until the 2000s, but the language “rightward-most viable candidate” (not the exact words) has been often repeated. The word “viable”—a candidate who is the most likely to win the general election—adds an element of pragmatism to the conservative philosophy. 

Conservative radio talk show host Rush Limbaugh disagreed with the “Buckley Rule” and established a new “Limbaugh Rule” on September 14, 2010. Limbaugh said that it requires clairvoyance to determine who will win the general election, so one should just simply vote for the most conservative candidate. 

http://www.barrypopik.com/index.php/new_york_city/entry/buckley_rule_vote_for_most_conservative_primary_candidate_likely_to_win_gen/ 

Kenneth Minogue 

“…Kenneth Robert Minogue[1] (born 11 September 1930)[2] is an Australian political theorist who is Emeritus Professor of Political Science at the London School of Economics. Born in New Zealand,[3] His publications include The Liberal Mind, Nationalism, The Concept of a University, and Alien Powers: The Pure Theory of Ideology. He has written academic essays on a great range of problems in political theory. His latest work is Politics: A Very Short Introduction

He is a libertarian,[citation needed] and a leading member of the euro-sceptic Bruges Group and the European Foundation. …” 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_Minogue 

German federal election, March 1933 

“…The German federal election, March 1933 in the Weimar Republic was held on 5 March 1933. Thanks to the success of the Nazi Party and its allies in the poll, its leader and Chancellor of Germany, Adolf Hitler, was able to pass the Enabling Act, which effectively gave him the power of a dictator. 

The election took place shortly after the Reichstag fire, in which the German parliament was set alight, allegedly by a Dutch Communist, Marinus van der Lubbe. This event had the joint effect of lowering the popularity of the Communist Party (KPD), and enabling Hitler to persuade President Paul von Hindenburg to pass the Reichstag Fire Decree. This emergency law removed many civil liberties and allowed the arrest of the leaders of the KPD shortly before the election, suppressing the Communist vote and consolidating the position of the Nazis. While at that time not as heavily oppressed as the Communists, the Social Democrats were also restricted in their actions, as the party’s leadership had already fled to Prague and many members were acting only from the underground. Hence, the fire is widely believed to have had a major effect on the outcome of the election. As replacement, and for 10 years to come, the new parliament used the Kroll Opera house for its meetings. 

To further assure the outcome of the vote would be a Nazi majority, Nazi organizations “monitored” the vote process. In Prussia, 50,000 members of SS, SA and Stahlhelm were ordered to monitor the votes as deputy sheriffs. …” 

Aftermath 

“…Despite achieving a much better result than in the November 1932 election, the Nazis did not do as well as Hitler had hoped, polling 43.9%, rather than the 50+% that he had expected. Therefore, he was forced to maintain his coalition with the Nationalist German National People’s Party (DNVP) to control a majority. In addition to this, Hitler needed a two-thirds majority to pass the Enabling Act (a law which allowed him to pass laws without consulting the Reichstag), which he gained by persuading the Centre Party to vote with him. The bill was passed on 23 March. Only the Social Democrats opposed the measure, which came into effect on 27 March. Moreover, Social Democratic representation was suppressed, because some Social Democratic deputies that were elected to the Reichstag were prevented from taking their seats by the Nazi SA. Had the Communist Party participated, its representatives would have contributed 12% of the Reichstag votes. Instead, their representatives were under arrest for their suspect role in the Reichstag Fire. Though the Enabling Act was only meant to be effective for four years, it was formally prolonged twice. The powers gained from the bill allowed the KPD and Social Democratic Party (SPD) to be outlawed, and firmly established Germany as a dictatorship. …” 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_federal_election,_March_1933 

William F Buckley Jr Panama Closing Speech

william buckley threatens to punch chomsky in the face

Hitchens & Buckley: Sex, Drugs, Rock ‘n Roll (1/5)

Hitchens & Buckley: From Here to Maternity (2/5)

Hitchens & Buckley: Joint Agreement (4/5)

Hitchens & Buckley: The New Left Out (3/5)

Hitchens & Buckley: Joint Agreement (4/5)

Hitchens & Buckley: Taking (Wood) Stock (5/5)

 

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News Journal: Number 04, July 24, 2010–Extend The Bush Tax Cuts

Posted on August 4, 2010. Filed under: Ethical Practices, Ethics, Issues, Law, Mass Media, Movies, Newspapers, Politics, Print Media, Radio, Society, Television, Web | Tags: , , |

Goodbye To Bush Tax Cuts?

Liberal Tax Revolt Brewing

Can GOP Extend Bush Tax Cuts?

Extend Bush Tax Cuts for Everyone?

Bye-Bye to Bush Tax Cuts?


 

How Expiration of Bush Tax Cuts Affects Typical Families

Bayh Agrees With Eric Cantor On Extending Bush Tax Cuts

 After Bush Tax Cuts- Rich Pay More Taxes

If the Bush tax cuts are permitted to expire, the American people will face the largest tax increase or hike in 2011 during one of the worst economic recessions in United States history.

The result will be even more unemployment and an even longer recession.

The largest creators of new jobs in the United States are small to medium size companies.

The owners of these business pay their taxes as individuals.

The so-called rich are mostly the owners of small to large companies.

Tax the rich means also taxing the major source of new jobs.

Background Information

Keynesian Economics Is Wrong: Bigger Gov’t Is Not Stimulus

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News Journal: Number 03, July 21, 2010, Journolist & Media Malice–The Liberal Progressive Media Conspiracy To Elect Barack Obama!–Videos

Posted on August 4, 2010. Filed under: Issues, Law, Mass Media, Movies, News, Politics, Society, Web | Tags: , , , , , |

  

“During times of universal deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act.”

~George Orwell

Journolist – The Liberal Vile

Liberal “JournoList” conspired to influence coverage of Obama on the campaign trail

Glenn Beck On Journolist

The Journolist Conspiracy

 

‘Journolist’ Casts Doubt on Mainstream Media

JournoList: Left-Wing Media Conspiracy?

Tucker Carlson discusses Journolist with Sean Hannity

Breitbart Out to Expose Liberal Listserv

Breitbart on JournoList (part one)

Breitbart on JournoList (part two)

Rush Limbaugh on Palin and the JournoList

Journolist Proves ‘Liberal Media’ Is BS

Apparently the distinction between a journalist or reporter of the news and a political activist or party flack was lost on some of the so-called journalists who were conspiring to get Barack Obama elected.

While political commentors of the news should and do have a political point of view, a professional journalist should report the news and not make it or ignore stories about their favorite candidates.

One can only hope that these junior journolisters  will be fired from their jobs for comments unbecoming of a professional journalist,  instead of promoted to bigger and better positions.

We can hope for change.

I am reminded of a movie starring the late Paul Newman and Sally Field, Absence of Malice.

The plot of the movie is summarized below together with a video clip of the hearing scene:

“…Miami liquor wholesaler Michael Gallagher is the son of a deceased criminal who awakes one day to find himself a front-page story in the local newspaper, indicating that he is being investigated in the murder of a local longshoreman union official Joey Diaz.

The story was written by Miami Standard newspaper reporter Megan Carter, who reads it from a file, left intentionally, on the desktop of federal prosecutor Elliot Rosen. As it turns out, Rosen is trying to squeeze Gallagher for information.

Gallagher comes to the newspaper’s office trying to discover the basis for the story, but Carter does not reveal her source.

Gallagher’s business is shut down by union officials who are now suspicious of him, having been implicated in Diaz’s murder. Local crime boss Malderone, Gallagher’s uncle, has him followed, just in case he talks to the government.

A friend of Gallagher, Teresa Peron, tells Carter that Gallagher couldn’t have killed Diaz because he was taking her out of town for an abortion on that weekend. A devout Catholic, she doesn’t want Carter to reveal this publicly but Carter prints the story anyway. When the paper comes out the next morning, Peron unsuccessfully attempts to steal the newspapers exposing her abortion, so she commits suicide.

The paper’s editor McAdam tells Carter that innocent people often get hurt by the facts, but Carter remains upset. She visits Gallagher to apologize, but an enraged Gallagher assaults her. Nevertheless, she attempts to make it up to him by revealing Rosen’s role in the investigation.

Gallagher hatches a plan for revenge. He arranges a secret meeting with District Attorney Quinn, offering to use his organized-crime contacts to give Quinn exclusive information on Diaz’s murder, in exchange for the D.A. calling off the investigation and issuing a public statement clearing him. Gallagher, thankful for Megan Carter’s help, also begins a love affair with her.

Rosen is mystified by Quinn’s exoneration of Gallagher, so he places phone taps on both and begins a surveillance of their movements. He and federal agent Bob Waddell, obtain evidence that Gallagher has been making monetary donations to Quinn’s political committee. They also finds out about Gallagher and Carter’s relationship.

Waddell, as a friend, warns Carter about the investigation to keep her out of trouble but she breaks the story that the district attorney’s office is investigating Gallagher’s attempt to bribe the D.A.

The story makes the front page again and causes a huge uproar. The US Assistant Attorney General Wells ultimately calls all of the principals together. He discovers that Rosen started an illegal investigation into Gallagher’s activities and fires him, and suggests that Quinn resign. Wells has a sneaky suspicion that Gallagher set Quinn up, but cannot prove it, so he does not investigate. The newspaper prints a story revealing the entire truth about the incidents, and it is unclear whether or not Carter’s relationship with Gallagher will continue, but the final scene shows them having a friendly conversation on the wharf where Gallagher’s boat is docked. …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absence_of_Malice

Absence of Malice: Hearing Scene, Part 1 of 2

Absence of Malice: Hearing Scene, Part 2 of 2

The playing of the race card, namely accusing a public figure of being a racist,  when they are not, is a tactic of the left used to smear an individual and distract the American people.

A few of the journolist crowd are being exposed for their unprofessional and unethical behavior and should be fired if they are employed as a journalist or reporter.

Live by the pen, die by the pen.

Background Articles and Videos

  

I Am A Liberal – I Hate Violence – But Sometimes – (JournoList)

Red Eye: Tucker Carlson on TheDailyCaller.com

Journolist and Malice

By Mark J. Fitzgibbons

“…Uncertainty and fear among members of the now-defunct Journolist cabal seem rampant. Some of the emails demonstrate certain liberal journalists willing and eager to employ malice as part and parcel of their professional duties.
The fact that such open malice of at least a few of the four hundred “professionals” on Journolist did not result in their expulsion from this professional Listserv, and indeed seemed tolerated at the time by its members and now by its defenders, would seem to indicate a more widespread problem. The dog doesn’t bark when it’s comfortable with the visitor.
Jonathan Strong of The Daily Caller broke the news about left-wing journalists conspiring on Journolist to kill the stories during the 2008 election about Barack Obama’s relationship with the Reverend Jeremiah Wright. Strong writes,
In one instance, Spencer Ackerman of the Washington Independent urged his colleagues to deflect attention from Obama’s relationship with Wright by changing the subject. Pick one of Obama’s conservative critics, Ackerman wrote, “Fred Barnes, Karl Rove, who cares — and call them racists.” …”
 
 

 “…As The Daily Caller continues to expose vile exchanges on Journolist, we read about the hateful fantasy of one NPR producer involving Rush Limbaugh having a heart attack, and “serious” discussions that the government should shut down Fox News.

Why are any of these people still employed by news agencies instead of flipping tofu burgers?
Malice is not designed to get to the truth. Quite the opposite: Malice is designed to harm without regard to the truth. Malicious libel against public figures is not a protected press freedom. On the other hand, satirical or provocative speech, writings, or graphics, which can be biting, are designed to elucidate certain truths or positions in an attention-grabbing way. …”
 
Brent Bozell’s Open Letter to the Washington Post: 20 Questions About the JournoList
By Matt Lewis
“…The JournoList scandal is getting worse every day and The Washington Post is at the center of it,” Bozell writes to Brauchli. “Blogger Ezra Klein ran the operation and at least three other staffers were members. . . . In addition, at least one member of Slate and two from Newsweek, also owned by Washingtonpost.Newsweek. Interactive, were members.”

Among the questions Bozell wants the Post to answer:

How many Washington Post staffers were part of JournoList and, if there are any currently unnamed, who are they?

Did the Post know about JournoList when Klein was hired and that it was a “center
to left” group? If yes, what does that say about the Post’s claims of neutrality?

Did actions on JournoList violate the Post’s ethical guidelines?

Has the Post revised or added any ethical guidelines as a result of this scandal?

Will the Post permit staffers to belong to or operate such lists in the future?

Did Klein and the other Post members write to the list using company equipment and offices?

When Klein shut down the list, did he delete the list? If not, will the Post order him to release it so that readers may decide for themselves?

In the letter, Bozell tells Brauchli that “full disclosure” and “transparency” is the only “way for the Post to move forward from this fiasco.” He also calls on the Post to “give readers enough information so that we know just how serious this really was and what can be done to restore your paper’s credibility.” …”
 

Why is the main-stream media (MSM) almost universally in the tank for Obama?

The Death of Journalism

By Jim O’Neil

“…Sean Hannity has said that “Journalism is dead,” by which Hannity means that “objective journalism” is dead—journalism that attempts to be fair and balanced.

In its place we have “partisan journalism”—journalism that acts as a mouthpiece for a particular party, candidate, or social agenda.

Okay, we have partisan journalism.  The question is, why is almost all journalism—liberal journalism?  Why is the main-stream media (MSM) almost universally in the tank for Obama? 

Look at some figures.  Pew Research – considered the “golden standard” of polls – recently confirmed that 70% of Obama’s press coverage is POSITIVE.  The same poll showed that 60% of MSM’s coverage of McCain has been NEGATIVE.

The MSM doesn’t just give us biased or slanted news – they feed us “news” with quote marks around it.  It’s partisan propaganda, pure and simple. 

Fortunately, the American people are aware that the MSM is feeding us a dishonest, leftist version of the political scene.  The same Pew poll found that 70% of voters felt that the MSM favors Obama; only 9% felt that the MSM favors McCain.

The MSM is solidly behind Obama, and anti-McCain.  The facts and figures prove it, and common wisdom acknowledges it. …”

http://canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/5875

 

Launching the Daily Caller

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Unit 2 Part 2 Modern and Traditional Advertising Techniques.

Posted on July 22, 2010. Filed under: Advertising, Bandwagon, Bathroom, Communications, Contextual, Keyword/Pay Per Click/Cost Per Action, Magazines, Mass Media, Mobile, Movies, Music, Newspapers, Pixel, Placement, Print Media, Public Relations, Radio, Television, Testimonials/Endorsements, Web, Web Banner | Tags: , , , , , |

Part 2: Compose a 500-word essay comparing and contrasting modern advertising methods with traditional methods (read attached article “Modern Advertising Methods”).

Focus on how advertising has changed and/or stayed the same. Post this essay in your blog by Thursday, July 22 at 5 p.m. 

There are several types of advertising including : 

1. Product/service 

2. Branding 

3. Institutional/issue 

4. Public service announcement. 

There are also several advertising media: 

1. Print media (newspaper and magazines) 

2. Electronic media (radio and television) 

3. Online (computer and cellphone) 

4. Public spaces (billboards, buildings, buses, bus stops, taxis and signs) 

5. Directly to people (direct mail and telemarketing). 

As new media were developed the methods of advertising changed. The first advertisements were in local newspapers. 

This was followed by advertisements in magazines for a broader regional or national audience. 

The print media advertisements were largely text supplemented with illustrations and later photographs and the use of color. 

With the advent of commercial radio broadcasts, audio (voice and music) was used to advertise products and services to radio show listeners. 

 When television took off starting in 1948, advertisers still used text, illustrations, photographs and audio in their commercials that were first in black and white, then color and now high-definition. 

Now, however film or videos could be used to make commercials that were broadcast to television show viewers. 

Starting in 1995 the internet and the world-wide web  provided  a media where the viewer of a web site could interact with the advertising by first searching for the specific information and next selecting the advisement that was most relevant to them. 

This interaction consisted primarily of the viewer clicking on buttons or hyperlinks or filling out forms that were submitted and saved in databases. 

Today advertising in print media such as  newspapers and magazines and broadcasting media such as radio and television are  considered traditional advertising. 

Modern advertising increasingly uses the world-wide web to deliver the advertisers’ message aimed primarily  sell the products and services and the  brand name of the advertiser. 

Both traditional and modern advertising still use text, illustrations, photographs, images, audio, movies and videos as media to deliver the advertiser’s message.  

As consumers spent more and more time on computers and cell phones and less time reading newspapers and magazines,  listening to radio, and watching television, the advertisers started moving more and more of their advertising budget to online advertising on web sites viewed either on a personal computer or cell phone. 

Text,  illustrations and photographs first used in traditional advertising are also  being used in modern advertising including web banner, blog, mobile, contextual, keyword, promotional, pixel and public relation advertising. 

With traditional radio and television advertising the listener or viewer must watch a scheduled television broadcast which includes the advertiser’s commercial message. The communication is largely one way from the source to the receiver of the advertiser’s message. The audience is large, heterogenous, anonymous (usually unknown) and passive with little opportunity for feedback. 

With modern online advertising the viewer or listener can actively interact with the advertiser’s message by deciding first whether they even want to see the advertisement and then have an opportunity to fill out a form to obtain additional information and free promotional items  from the advertiser or even purchase the product or service over the web. The communication is two-way from the source to the receiver and back again,. The audience is smaller and targeted, more homogeneous, known and active with opportunities for immediate and later feedback. 

The techniques of modern advertising are different from traditional advertising and largely reflect the new media’s use of computers, mobile devices or cell phones, and networks to deliver the advertiser’s message. 

Advertising on web sites consists mainly of web banner ads appearing on the top of a web page. 

The early web banner ads were largely static text combined with images consisting of illustrations and/or photographs. 

Today many web banners ads now have added animations, games and video clips such Flash movies and videos embedded into the web banner ad area of the web page. 

The difference between web banner advertising and television advertising is the computer user decides when and what site to visit and decides whether they want to click on an advertisement to obtain additional information about the product or service being promoted. 

Cable and satellite television do however let the viewer decide when they want to watch a particular program or movie. 

Videos used in television commercials are also being repurposed to be used again in online video advertising . 

More and more people and businesses have blogs or web sites where people and businesses express themselves and respond to comments and questions asked by the blog’s viewers. 

The popularity of blogs has attracted advertisers who place advertisement such as web banner ads or sidebars to promote the sale of their products and service that are relevant to the blog post or blog. 

Advertisers can place and target their ads based on the content, tags and categories of a blog post. 

Viewers of a blog post on a specific subject or  category will also view a web banner ad related to the subject of the  post above the blog post. 

For example a blog post on the American revolution may view a banner ads about American history books or the American revolution. 

Thus the modern advertising techniques of web banner ads and blog advertising enable advertisers to target a very narrow audience of those most interested in the advertisers products and services. 

This is in sharp contrast to both printed media advertising and commercial radio and television advertising where the targeted audience is much broader. 

Many advertisements on web sites and blogs previously seen on a computer screen are now also available for viewing on cell phones. 

This advertising is called mobile advertising or cell phone advertising. Those viewers of an ad may be sent a text message with a promotion or attentional information about a product or service. 

Defining Mobile Marketing

SMS text messaging can be used to send text messages to cell phone users that have expressed an interest in receiving information or an advertising message about a product or service. 

  

Part 1: Introduction to Mobile Marketing
 

 

  

Part 2: Introduction to Mobile Marketing

Modern advertising includes both contextual advertising and keyword advertising techniques that are used on web sites with search engine applications. 

Today’s search engines are used by both computer and cell phone users to seek information. 

Search engine sites such as Google, Bing and Yahoo use contextual advertising to display the most relevant advertisements. 

Based on the entry typed into the search engine box, advertisements will be displayed usually at the top of the returned results page or in a separate column or panel on the far right or left of the web site page.
Keyword advertising also known as pay-per-click and cost per action advertising are used by search engine sites to sell advertising space on the web site pages to advertisers. Advertisers pay-per-click for viewers who click on an advertisement on the search returned page. 

Pay Per Click Advertising Secrets

 

While online advertising on web sites and blogs is by far the largest portion of modern advertising, the fastest growing is online video ads. 

Also the use of promotional advertising where giving promotional items away also worked very well on the web. An advertiser’s message is pushed to the viewer of a web site and information about the viewer is pulled from them by having the viewer fill out and submit a form to get the free valuable promotional item and information. 

Web 2.0 – Promotion Methods that get Results – Video

However, not all modern advertising is solely online advertising. 

Modern advertising also includes testimonials and endorsements, bandwagon, promotional, and bathroom advertising that has evolved from traditional advertising in the print, electronic and public space media. 

Testimonials and endorsements especially by celebrities, bandwagon and surrogate advertising  use propaganda advertising techniques.  

If some celebrity gives a testimonial and endorsement of a product, then you too are more likely to buy the product. 

With bandwagon advertising you will usually find such words as everyone, ours, we,  yours, universal, call and act now, don’t miss out, join the sensation,  and what are you waiting for? 

What is Propaganda

The advertiser wants you to jump or hop on the bandwagon and purchase their products and services just like everyone else is doing. Bandwagon advertising is  like peer group pressure. If everyone is buying and using the product or service, you should be buying and using the product or service. 

Propaganda Bandwagon

Bandwagon advertising has been used in the past in traditional advertising and is now being used online with YouTube videos as well: 

Hopping on the Advertising Bandwagon…

Getting Your Business on the Blogging Bandwagon

When alcohol and cigarette products are banned from advertising on broadcast radio and television, an advertiser can use surrogate advertising to promote the product using their brand name with another of its products which is not banned under a nation’s laws. 

The following online Youtube advertisement does exactly this by using the brand name, Club Royal, and the drink, apple juice, as a surrogate advertisement for Club Royal Whisky: 

Surrogate Advt for CLUB ROYAL WHISKY produced by AUTUMNCART

Surrogate advertising is also used by pharmaceutical companies who cannot advertise prescription medications. However, pharmaceutical companies can have an informational commercials about a disease or condition and have the  medication branding scattered throughout the advertisement to get consumers used to the brand. 

Modern advertising has even come to public bathrooms with the placement of ads on the back of doors and on mirrors. Face it, you have a captive target audience and theadvertiser’s messages are being read: 

Opportunity Knocks – AllOver Media Restroom Ads

 

Marketing Mirror/ Mirror Image by LuxuryTec :: The Original

Magic Display Advertising Mirror

Indoor Restroom Digital Billboards Greensboro NC

What is next in the modern advertising world? 

How about high-definition digital signage and interactive mirror advertising? 

  

  

An Introduction to Digital Signage

Interactive Mirror for DIESEL GINZA

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QU5DrVu2gdg&NR=1  

All advertising, both traditional and modern, uses some combination of text, images, illustrations, photographs, audio, and video to deliver the advertiser’s message whether that be to promote the sale of goods and services, a brand name, institution, issue or a public service announcement. Advertising is a big, growing and changing business. 

  

Background Information

Ogilvy’s New Media Guru On Online Advertising
 

  

The Future of Online Advertising is Video
 

  

Video Ads on YouTube will be Predominately Professional
 

  

David Hallerman on Gateway Advertising
 

  

Online Video Advertising Must be “Contextual”
 

  

What Is Surrogate Advertising? 

“…Surrogate advertising is advertising which embeds a brand or product message inside an advertisement which is ostensibly for another brand or product. For example, a cigarette company might issue public service announcements relating to a topic such as lung cancer, using the company’s logo or distinctive brand colors in the ads so that people are exposed to the company’s branding without seeing an explicit ad for the company’s product. The company would justify the advertisement by claiming that it’s an example of social responsibility. …” 

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-surrogate-advertising.htm

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